Salt Agreement 2

The parties have committed to entering into active negotiations as soon as this treaty enters into force with a view to reaching agreement as soon as possible on new measures to limit and reduce strategic armaments (Article XIV); The treaty provided for the application of the Permanent Advisory Committee (SSC) established by the agreement reached between the contracting parties on 21 December 1972 and which was tasked with several tasks in order to promote the objectives and implementation of the provisions of the treaty. In June 1979, Carter and Brezhnev met in Vienna and signed the SALT II agreement. The treaty effectively established numerical equality between the two nations with respect to the delivery of nuclear weapons. It also limited the number of MIRV missiles (missiles with several independent nuclear warheads). In reality, the treaty has done little or nothing to stop or even significantly slow down the arms race. Yet it has been the subject of relentless criticism in the United States. The treaty was denounced as a “sell-off” to the Soviets, which would leave America virtually defenseless against a whole series of new weapons that are not mentioned in the agreement. Even the proponents of arms control were not enthusiastic about the treaty, because it did not contribute to the actual control of arms. — important elements of the interim agreement (for example. (B) would be included in the new agreement. In this context, negotiations continued to resolve the remaining disputes at several levels.

President Carter, Minister Vance and Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko met in Washington in September 1977. In 1978 and 1979, other high-level meetings were held in Washington, Moscow and Geneva. In addition, following the 1974 Vladivostok meeting, the SALT delegations of the United States and the Soviet Union travelled to Geneva almost continuously to develop an agreed contractual language on issues on which an agreement in principle had been reached at ministerial level. The SALT II agreement was the result of many of the remaining resusctive questions of the 1972 SALT I Treaty. Although the 1972 treaty limited a large number of nuclear weapons, many issues have not been resolved. Talks between the United States and the Soviet Union began almost immediately after the ratification of SALT-I by the two nations in 1972. However, these discussions did not bring new breakthroughs. In 1979, the United States and the Soviet Union sought to restart the process. For the United States, the fear that the Soviets would advance in the arms race was the main motivator. For the Soviet Union, there is growing concern about the increasingly close relations between America and Communist China.

The parties commit to active negotiations as soon as this treaty enters into force with a view to reaching agreement as soon as possible on new measures to limit and reduce strategic armaments. The objective of the contracting parties is also to conclude, in due course before 1985, an agreement limiting strategic offensive weapons, which will replace this treaty after its expiration. 1. This treaty is subject to ratification according to the constitutional procedures of each contracting party. This treaty will enter into force on the day of the exchange of ratification instruments and will remain in force until 31 December 1985, unless it is replaced earlier by an agreement that still limits strategic offensive armaments. The discussions culminated in the STARTs, or Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties, which are based on START I (a 1991 agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union) and START II (a 1993 agreement between the United States and Russia, which was never ratified by the United States), limiting capabilities with several warheads and limiting the number of nuclear weapons on both sides.

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